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Table 2 Neuropsychiatric symptoms in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients according to to the presence of delusion symptoms

From: Hydroxytryptamine transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5HTTLPR) is associated with delusions in Alzheimer’s disease

  AD-D AD-noD p All
Hallucination 1.503 ± 3.265 1.000 ± 2.754
Agitation/aggression 3.737 ± 3.568 0.465 ± 1.113 0.000 2.642 ± 3.355
Depressed mood 5.643 ± 4.390 5.058 ± 4.517 0.314 5.447 ± 4.433
Anxiety 5.339 ± 4.444 3.419 ± 3.878 0.000 4.696 ± 4.351
Euphoria 0.491 ± 2.143 0.326 ± 1.761
Apathy 5.749 ± 4.718 4.860 ± 4.755 0.072 5.451 ± 4.739
Disinhibition 0.005 ± 0.076 0.003 ± 0.062
Irritability/liability 4.170 ± 4.174 0.604 ± 1.276 0.000 2.977 ± 3.866
Aberrant motor activity 0.859 ± 2.109 0.430 ± 1.875 0.029 0.716 ± 2.040
Sleep disturbance 5.518 ± 4.393 4.581 ± 4.454 0.094 5.203 ± 4.427
Eating disorder 2.848 ± 3.844 3.302 ± 4.424 0.615 3.000 ± 4.044
  1. AD-D AD patients with delusions, AD-noD AD patients without delusions