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Table 2 Between subject effects for participants diagnostic status as independent variable of the four eye-hand coordination tasks using univariate analysis

From: Changes in Timing and kinematics of goal directed eye-hand movements in early-stage Parkinson’s disease

  PD Patients Controls   
Pro-tapping task mean ± SD mean ± SD F-value* p-value*
Eye Latency (ms) 255 ± 70 255 ± 70 0.037 0.849
Hand Latency (ms) 510 ± 90 455 ± 85 21.759 0.000
Hand Max Velocity (mm/s) 575 ± 180 680 ± 215 15.163 0.000
Hand Execution Time (ms) 480 ± 165 420 ± 130 7.624 0.006
Dual planning task mean ± SD mean ± SD F-value* p-value*
Eye Latency (ms) 430 ± 165 555 ± 245 7.072 0.009
Hand Latency (ms) 1080 ± 420 860 ± 250 8.767 0.004
Hand Max Velocity (mm/s) 470 ± 185 575 ± 190 6.674 0.012
Hand Execution Time (ms) 745 ± 350 490 ± 180 18.496 0.000
Anti-tapping task mean ± SD mean ± SD F-value* p-value*
Eye Latency (ms) 430 ± 145 515 ± 165 8.264 0.005
Hand Latency (ms) 670 ± 175 640 ± 125 1.488 0.225
Hand Max Velocity (mm/s) 490 ± 90 580 ± 125 20.352 0.000
Hand Execution Time (ms) 535 ± 170 430 ± 145 14.477 0.000
Spatial memory task mean ± SD mean ± SD F-value* p-value*
Eye Latency (ms) 475 ± 165 435 ± 115 3.170 0.077
Hand Latency (ms) 570 ± 100 585 ± 105 0.427 0.514
Hand Max Velocity (mm/s) 540 ± 180 670 ± 210 14.429 0.000
Hand Execution Time (ms) 735 ± 310 580 ± 175 15.002 0.000
  1. SD = Standard Deviation.
  2. * = univariate ANOVA.