Skip to main content

Table 3 Motor and non-motor symptoms significantly associated with EMO in multiple stepwise logistic regression model

From: Early morning off in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a Chinese nationwide study and a 7-question screening scale

Motor or non-motor symptoms Odds ratio (95%CI) P value
Tremor
 No 1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 1.59 (1.05–2.40) 0.027
Muscle cramp
 No 1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 2.00 (1.29–3.14) 0.002
Difficulty in turning on or getting out of bed
 No 1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 2.05 (1.36–3.10) 0.001
Bradykinesia or rigidity
 No 1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 4.97 (3.17–7.87) < 0.001
Frozen state or freezing gait
 No 1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 1.62 (1.04–2.54) 0.032
Fatigue or sleepiness
 No 1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 1.99 (1.29–3.07) 0.002
Excessive sweating or salivation
 No 1.00 (reference)  
 Yes 2.25 (1.35–3.81) 0.002