Skip to main content

Table 5 Comparison of cognitive performance between PD Patients and control by gender respectively (Mean ± SD)

From: Cognitive characteristics in Chinese non-demented PD patients based on gender difference

  Male PD (n = 30) Male Control (n = 38) Female PD (n = 30) Female Control (n = 62) P-valuea P-valueb P-valuec P-valued
MMSE 28.97 ± 0.81 28.97 ± 0.79 29 ± 1.29 29.06 ± 0.62 p = 0.97 p = 0.97 p = 0.705 p = 0.54
Verbal memory
 AVLT-short delayed free recall 4.55 ± 1.68 4.74 ± 2.48 5.29 ± 2.12 5.63 ± 2.46 p = 0.92 p = 0.53 p = 0.153 p = 0.083
 AVLT-long delayed free recall 4.14 ± 1.51 4.29 ± 2.56 4.79 ± 1.76 4.98 ± 2.8 p = 0.99 p = 0.99 p = 0.133 p = 0.216
 AVLT-long delayed cued recall 3.96 ± 1.56 4.11 ± 2.33 5.13 ± 2.32 5.07 ± 2.66 p = 0.99 p = 0.91 p = 0.031* p = 0.075
 AVLT-sum 1 to 5 15.07 ± 4.32 24.37 ± 8.67 15.97 ± 5.84 27.27 ± 7.67 p = 0.000* p = 0.000* p = 0.506 p = 0.083
 AVLT-recognition 20.52 ± 4.01 19.68 ± 2.04 19.5 ± 2.79 20.77 ± 3.26 p = 0.287 p = 0.09 p = 0.29 p = 0.069
Non-verbal memory
 Rey-delayed recall 17.16 ± 7.14 15.13 ± 7.08 14.15 ± 7.82 15.17 ± 6.18 p = 0.27 p = 0.51 p = 0.154 p = 0.978
Visuospatial function
 Rey-copy (time) 178.07 ± 67.9 159.35 ± 66.09 178.73 ± 55.47 169.4 ± 70.08 p = 0.27 p = 0.53 p = 0.968 p = 0.485
 Rey-copy(score) 33.08 ± 4.13 34.11 ± 1.75 32.9 ± 3.72 34.19 ± 1.74 p = 0.49 p = 0.49 p = 0.867 p = 0.807
 CDT 23 ± 4.29 25.82 ± 9.05 22.5 ± 7.22 25.8 ± 3.83 p = 0.16 p = 0.019* p = 0.766 p = 0.989
Language
 VFT (animals) 16.45 ± 3.39 18.03 ± 5.42 15.77 ± 3.83 20.6 ± 25.66 p = 0.48 p = 0.31 p = 0.472 p = 0.556
 VFT (cities) 13.9 ± 4.75 19.26 ± 5.77 13.63 ± 5.96 15.8 ± 5.43 p = 0.000* p = 0.12 p = 0.852 p = 0.01*
 VFT (alternatives) 14 ± 4.34 18.34 ± 5.41 14.9 ± 5.95 16.05 ± 4.46 p = 0.001* p = 0.36 p = 0.511 p = 0.046*
 BNT 24.45 ± 2.93 24 ± 4.65 21.62 ± 3.81 23.4 ± 3.21 p = 0.65 p = 0.02* p = 0.003* p = 0.45
Attention/executive function
 SDMT 31.97 ± 12.25 43.33 ± 12.24 31.79 ± 11.78 43.84 ± 11.17 p = 0.000* p = 0.000* p = 0.957 p = 0.849
 Stroop (time) 83.43 ± 31.6 76.68 ± 18.87 72.83 ± 19.24 75.56 ± 27.05 p = 0.29 p = 0.62 p = 0.126 p = 0.827
 Stroop (score) 46.04 ± 5.32 47.35 ± 12.15 47.23 ± 3.83 46.11 ± 3.42 p = 0.60 p = 0.16 p = 0.327 p = 0.451
 TMT-A 64.1 ± 21.64 54.11 ± 22.81 78.89 ± 42.3 56.8 ± 26.09 p = 0.074 p = 0.003* p = 0.101 p = 0.601
 TMT-B 164.79 ± 69 152.84 ± 55.07 164.41 ± 47.71 149.11 ± 84.58 p = 0.43 p = 0.38 p = 0.646 p = 0.81
  1. Note. MMSE Mini-mental state examination, AVLT Auditory verbal learning test, Rey-delayed recall Delayed recall of Rey-Osterrieth complex figure, Rey-copy Copy of Rey-Osterrieth complex figure, CDT Clock drawing test, VFT Verbal fluency tasks, BNT Boston naming test, SDMT Symbol digit modality test, Stroop Stroop color word interference test, TMT Trail making test
  2. aComparison between Male PD and Male Control
  3. bComparison between Female PD and Female Control
  4. cComparison between Male PD and Female PD
  5. dComparison between Male Control and Female Control
  6. *p < 0.05