Skip to main content

Table 3 Demographic and clinical characteristics of the caregivers (n = 96)

From: Caregiver burden is increased in Parkinson’s disease with mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI)

Caregivers of patient groups PD-N
(n = 51)
PD-MCI
(n = 30)
PDD
(n = 15)
Analysis Significant post-hoc differences (N-K or T2)
Age 65.53 ± 9.68 62.33 ± 13.61 66.87 ± 11.34 F2,93 = 1.07, p = .35  
Female/Male 33/18 21/9 12/3 X 2 = 0.74, p = .36  
Years Education 12.41 ± 2.36 12.33 ± 2.45 11.60 ± 1.88 F2,93 = 0.73, p = .49  
Spouse/Othera 47/4 24/6 12/3 X 2 = 3.02, p = .22  
Lives separately 3 6 5 X 2 = 8.04, p = .98  
Hours/week caregiving 5.40 ± 14.30 16.47 ± 27.06 25.01 ± 27.23 F2,93 = 10.17, p < .001 PD-MCI v PDD, p < .05
PD-N v PDD, p < .001
Zarit Burden Interview 13.39 ± 12.22 22.00 ± 10.86 29.33 ± 9.59 F2,93 = 13.89, p < .001 PD-N v PD-MCI, p < .01
PD-N v PDD, p < .001
PD-MCI v PDD, p < .05
Coping Strategies      
 Problem-Focused 1.88 ± .67 2.20 ± .62 2.35 ± .65 F2,93 = 4.09, p < .05 PD-N v PDD, p < .05
 Emotion-Focused 1.93 ± .55 2.24 ± .64 2.27 ± .47 F2,93 = 3.61, p < .05  
 Dysfunctional 1.28 ± .40 1.43 ± .38 1.55 ± .37 F2,93 = 3.32, p < .05 PD-N v PDD, p < .05
GDS 1.21 ± 1.94 0.73 ± 1.41 0.40 ± .83 F2,93 = 1.59, p = .21  
GAI 2.47 ± 3.85 2.47 ± 3.81 0.80 ± 1.61 F2,93 = 1.52, p = .22  
Positive Aspects of Caregiving 27.12 ± 8.85 27.316 ± 9.20 24.87 ± 9.36 F2,93 = 0.40, p = .67  
  1. Values reported as mean ± standard deviation
  2. aDaughter, son, daughter-in-law, brother or friend