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Table 2 Summary of benefits and side effects of DBS

From: Deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease

Reported benefits Reported side effects
Improved QOL Wound/hardware infection
Decreased OFF time Intra cranial hemorrhage
Reduced OFF symptoms Post-operative seizures
Reduced LID Muscle twitches or tonic contractions
Improved sleep Paresthesia
Can also improve: Dysphagia
 pain, Cognitive impairment
 anxiety Speech impairment
 emotion Visual complaints
 akathisia Mood disorders
 autonomic function Anxiety
 working memory Apathy
 psychomotor speed Impulse control disorders,
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Aggression
Weight gain
  1. Legend: DBS: deep brain stimulation; QOL: quality of life; LID: levodopa induced dyskinesias.